All posts by Pat Reynolds

Your First Charter - Catamaran or Monohull

Your First Charter – Catamaran or Monohull

It’s a fair question… We’ve seen quite a few monohull purists research the ins and outs of a potential bareboat charter trip on a catamaran and say, “Well, I suppose it wouldn’t be bad to split the cost with three other couples and still have our own private stateroom with a queen- sized bed and a flat screen TV.

More and more would-be charterers are running the numbers of that equation and finding that: while a cruising catamaran isn’t what they might choose to own, they cannot argue with its comfort and roominess for a vacation with friends and family. You love Marvin, but God knows, he can rattle the barbecue lid with his snoring – not a problem. Marvin and his wife will be stowed away nicely in a pretty soundproof stateroom. Big cats can also make a pretty fast passage, get into shallow water, and be extremely comfortable once the hook is dug into the sand.

Continue reading

Interview with Scott Elles, Clipper Round the World Race Crew Member (Part 1)

ASA caught up with Clipper Round the World Racer and ASA certified sailor Scott Elles about his adventures on the open seas. Elles is doing at least three legs of the eight-leg race that spans the globe. The Clipper Round the World Race gives normal everyday people the opportunity, for a price, to experience sailing around the planet on 70-foot race boats. Elles got the sailing bug at age 50 and got certified to ASA 101,103, 104, 114. A year after learning to sail he signed up for the Clipper race.

Elles is currently out at sea on Team Garmin, on leg 4, a challenging 4,693 nautical mile journey around the continent of Australia – Follow The Race ⟩⟩

Continue reading

Local Notice To Mariners - A Quick Overview

Talking About the Local Notice to Mariners

Ah, the Local Notice to Mariners… Most of us know about it, but many of us don’t really check it out and still others have never even heard of it. For the latter group, the Local Notice to Mariners is a document that gets regularly published by the U.S. Coast Guard (weekly), letting us know about stuff that gets changed on the charts (“discrepancies”), advanced notice of things that are going to be coming down the pike and it also brings us up to speed on situations that are happening in our local waters.

Continue reading

Lin Pardey / Seraffyn

Interview with Legendary Cruising Sailor Lin Pardey (Part 2 of 2)

Legendary cruising sailor Lin Pardey talks about engineless cruising, big adventure, how times have changed and… love.

Lin PardeyIf you have ever done any serious cruising or thought about doing some, Lin and Larry Pardey have probably popped up on your radar. Through the decades they have logged over 200,000 nautical miles, including two circumnavigations east to west and west to east, mostly on boats under 30-feet. Along the way they have written dozens of magazine articles, 11 books and produced five informational videos. They have won a variety of awards and still hold the record for the smallest boat to have circumnavigated contrary to the prevailing winds around all the great southern capes.

If you missed Part 1 you can read it here.

ASA: You guys became rather famous in the cruising world. How did that happen?
Pardey: That was about two years into our cruising. I read an article in a magazine [Boating Magazine 1970] that I disagreed with and wrote a letter to the editor and he wrote back saying: “prove it.”
ASA: And once that was published the ball got rolling?
Pardey: It did – It was amazing. We were the only people talking about the fact that you didn’t need a lot of money to go sailing. We had a pretty boat, I had a very handsome husband, and I was voluptuous always wearing a bikini! We were young and cute. The pictures attracted people and then the idea that you could go off on a small boat without a lot of money and own the whole world.
ASA: How has cruising changed since those days?
Pardey: A major change I can tell you is when we were cruising in the early days, 95 percent of the people were cruising because they loved sailing and the fact that they could go places was fun. And now I would say that 95 percent of people are not the least bit interested in pure sailing – they go cruising because they’re destination oriented. I also think people are more afraid of being at sea than they’ve ever been.
ASA: Why do you think that is?
Pardey: Because the magazines peddle fear. I mean no skiing magazine ever talks about safety gear.
ASA: So what about the amount of cruisers? Are there many more than there used to be?
Pardey: Of course there’s a lot more than when we first set out. I mean I would say it’s 20 fold.
ASA: And as the numbers started to rise did you like it or did it feel like an invasion of a kind?
Pardey: We found that if we went 30 miles off the beaten track, especially if we went 30 miles to windward we could still find quiet anchorages to ourselves. And we found most of the time we tended to be off the beaten track. But when we came onto the beaten track we found it fun to meet these excited new sailors.
ASA: Once you started to write more articles and then the books and all that stuff, was the sharing of your knowledge just as rewarding as the sailing or never as much?
Pardey: I love writing. It’s fun to me the people who say that we’ve encouraged them , that’s pretty nice. But I’m going sailing in April again and I’m really excited about that! So it’s a mix of the two.
ASA: What about technology. You guys have gone bare bones – that’s what you’re known for.
Pardey: [interrupts]You say “bare bones” but that’s a relative term. We had beautiful china, we had a fabulous stove, our sheeting on our boat was designed by a top furniture designer- we were comfortable.
ASA: But what about electronics?
Pardey: What do we need it for?
ASA: Did you guys do everything celestially?
Pardey: Yeah
ASA: Have you used a GPS?
Pardey: The last voyage we did, we used one for racing and I felt it stole something from us because the routine of the navigation is a very nice routine. It’s a connection we enjoyed – going out and taking star sights – being out there. It’s just a connection with nature, with the ocean and with people of the past.
ASA: So that’s what kept you away from electronics and stuff like that.
Pardey: Also, we didn’t want to get too sure of ourselves. There’s insecurity, no matter how close your celestial is, could be as much as a mile and half off so therefore you’re keeping a watch. So we felt we might get a little slack. If we had GPS on board we might not have been quite as cautious and it was caution that kept us safe. I worry about chart plotters because people aren’t looking at the paper charts before hand and seeing the whole picture.
ASA: Considering the amount of time that you spent in all these incredible places. How does it shape your world view at this point in the game?
Pardey: It’s made me very aware that every country has beautiful advantages but there’s no perfect place to live . And people were amazingly friendly everywhere we’ve been. I always like to quote Eric Hiscock. He said: “All my voyaging has made me wonder if I live in the same world as I read about in the newspapers. The kindness that we’ve been shown, the friendship we’ve been shown, worldwide, is amazing.
ASA: What difficult sailing moments stand out in your memory?
Pardey: There are moments when you wonder if a current will set you the wrong way, are we going to make it through this entrance properly…I mean sailing into Tel Aviv entrance is really scary. Even motoring in there is scary, but we planned it carefully. We sat outside for seven hours waiting for the wind to shift so that we could safely reach in but you still have to lay just 12-feet off the back of the breakers to get in it. But it was part of the excitement – if you never get an adrenaline rush, why are doing it ?
ASA: How would you define a good sailor?
Pardey: Someone that’s not afraid of being at sea. He trusts his boat, he trusts his skills and he trusts his crew. It’s just a case of really knowing your boat and getting out there and getting sea time. If you want to be a sailor you got to go to sea. I’m an advocate of getting out all you can. I think that too many people are spending too much time outfitting their boat and setting a date to go cruising and they get a boat but they just don’t get to know it.

[Ed note] Before the phone call ended I asked how Larry was doing and Lin said he was in assisted living due to advanced Parkinsons disease. I said I was sorry and she said, “Hey, I had 47 fantastic years with a partner very few people could ever have and I just wore him out!”

Winds and Currents - Carl Huber

No Ordinary Round the World Voyage

A Former ASA Student Prepares to Sail Solo, Non-Stop, Unassisted Around the Planet With 1960s Technology

Not everyone gets to experience a full dose of inspiration quite like Carl Huber who will soon be sailing around the world alone, non-stop and unassisted in the Golden Globe Ocean Race in July 2018. The soft-spoken father of five was nearly fifty when he learned to sail but interestingly and unlike most, he was inspired to sail even before he ever stepped on a sailboat. He knew, almost instinctively, sailing was his calling. “I had been wanting to sail for a long time and had been talking about sailing on and off since my late teens. Then, in my early forties I had been talking about it some more.” Huber said. “The time was going by pretty quickly. I hadn’t done a lot of things I thought I would do by that age“.

I had friends who said, ‘If you want to sail, get a Sunfish and sail around the lake,’ but I don’t think they understood what I meant. What I meant by ‘sail’ was get out in the South Pacific, or the Caribbean, sail across oceans. A little lake between mountain peaks wasn’t going to cut it – I wanted to be out of sight of land.

Click below to listen to our interview with Carl Huber…

So Huber found the American Sailing Association’s Maryland School of Sailing and Seamanship and got to the business of learning the ropes. He took his 101 course on a 32′ Island Packet and later, after realizing it would be about the same cost to complete his 103 and 104 course at home or in the Caribbean; he chose the Caribbean. He returned to further his learning with the completion of the 105 and 106 courses, saying: “At that point I felt very competent.”

As his confidence grew, Huber began looking for a boat and while doing so came upon an ad for the Golden Globe Ocean Race, a single-handed contest revamping the famous Sunday Times Golden Globe Race of 1968 – the first unassisted round-the-world solo race. The new race, slated for June of 2018, is designed to be exactly like the first one. They are attempting to be as faithful as possible in keeping the technology on the boats to 1968 levels. There will be sextants abound and sailors are even being mandated to use film cameras and/or 8 mm movie cameras to document their trips.

Golden Globe Race

At first Huber saw the race announcement with nothing more than passing curiosity. He mentioned it to his wife who suggested, to his surprise, that he enter. That encouragement led to his waking up in the middle of repeated nights with the question: “Why not?” And the decision was made.

For Huber the race is a reason to get him out of the cubicle and into the vivid outdoor world he saw mostly out of an office window. Like so many, he has worked hard to provide for a family as life sped by at rapid speed. He says he turned around and suddenly he was in his 40s and hadn’t done many of the things he wanted to do.

”I could spend another 10-years typing in a box and retire in comfort — that just doesn’t appeal to me. I want to do something more in life. I want to contribute to the planet in a more significant way and I want to do something more significant before I go. Sailing around the world is something that’s always been right there in front of me and, as of late, is becoming a frustration as I get older because I realize I’m not going to do it unless I do it.“

So he bought a boat – a Ta Shing built Bob Perry-designed Babe 35 class yacht that was built to tackle oceans. He sailed back to Maryland from the Caribbean and had an absolutely horrible passage home. It’s a strong boat but needed work—the passage gave Huber a taste of hard times at sea. “I thought the boat was trying to kill me,” Huber said. “It was an ordeal – like a religious trial.

With a year to the race, the new solo-sailor is now up to his neck in preparation tasks. He is actively looking for sponsorship for the long list of equipment he needs, but is confident he will make the start line no matter what happens.

Beyond addressing personal goals and aspirations Huber is also using whatever publicity he gets in his participation in the event to call attention to an ideal he often thinks about. He sees many of our problems as human beings, individually and collectively, as a product of how we relate to the planet and if we were able to see things through a different prism, we would all be better for it.

We do not relate to our planet as a symbiotic organism. We relate as an adversarial organism—humanity against the planet. We take advantage of earth instead of living in harmony with it… I think we need to fundamentally change the way we think of ourselves in relationship to the planet.

If you’re interested in supporting Carl in any way go to

Winds and Currents is a double page spread written by the ASA that is featured monthly in Sailing Magazine. See more issues of Winds and Currents ⟩⟩

Lin Pardey / Seraffyn

Interview with Legendary Cruising Sailor Lin Pardey (Part 1 of 2)

Legendary cruising sailor Lin Pardey talks about engineless cruising, big adventure, how times have changed and… love.

Lin PardeyIf you have ever done any serious cruising or thought about doing some, Lin and Larry Pardey have probably popped up on your radar. Through the decades they have logged over 200,000 nautical miles, including two circumnavigations east to west and west to east, mostly on boats under 30-feet. Along the way they have written dozens of magazine articles, 11 books and produced five informational videos. They have won a variety of awards and still hold the record for the smallest boat to have circumnavigated contrary to the prevailing winds around all the great southern capes.

ASA: Lin, did you ever think that this would be your life?
Pardey: I grew up at the edge of the desert [in the San Fernando Valley California] – the only time I went near the water was to get knocked over by the waves once a year.
ASA: It’s amazing right?
Pardey: [smiling] Remember, I ran away with a sailor, by accident.
ASA: After sailing so many miles and for so long, what are the immediate highlights that come to mind?
Pardey: Well actually one of the most amazing things that ever happened to me was the first time I ever went sailing on Seraffyn, in Marina del Rey [California]. I gave [Larry] a lift in my car where we had to pick up a 54-foot charter ketch that he was running. I’ve never been on a big boat before. I had been on little tiny sailboats when I was five or six years old. I got on board this 54-footer and he said, “Come on let’s go sailing,” and he took me down to Newport Beach. That was a really exciting day for me.
ASA: So that was one of your highlights because you met this new boy that you seemed to like?
Pardey: He invited me to come and live on board his ketch the next night and I never went home again. He was so cute – blue eyes, Canadian accent, sunshiny disposition, he was gorgeous. But in all the adventures there are highlights in each one. Of course sailing around Cape Horn was an extreme highlight of my life. Arriving in southern Africa and realizing we had enough money to buy ourselves a four wheel drive vehicle and head off for as long as we wanted and ended up living in the Kalahari desert for seven months with the Bushmen. That was pretty good.
ASA: What was it like when you went around Cape Horn for the first time?
Pardey: We didn’t make it the first time. We had to turn back and come back again. It was hard work keeping that boat driving that first attempt because the wind kept shifting. We had 13-sail changes in one day. It made us wonder how the square rig ships ever made it around. On the second attempt I saw a weather pattern that looked really good and I showed it to Larry and he said, “We’ve got to leave right now,” but it was blowing a full storm with sleet and snow at four in the morning. We left. It was a following wind and then went to a beam reach – Larry helmed for 18 hours straight in temperatures of 40 degrees. By the time we got back to our original track the wind had lightened up to about 12-knots. And we flew our nylon drifter past Cape Horn.
ASA: When did you realize that you had the toughness to do real bluewater sailing?
Pardey: I think when we finally crossed the Atlantic on Seraffyn which was two and a half years into our long distance cruising I felt confident enough to take the boat sailing myself and I did. When he went on the Round Britain Race I was so excited to actually head out on my own and sailed a whole grand total of 40 miles on my first passage and I thought that was pretty exciting. With no engine and learning how to get it in and out of port…I just loved it.
ASA: That’s right you guys never had an engine. And the reason for that is a matter of pride and purity or?
Pardey: No not at all. The reason for that is when we first launched Seraffyn, we looked at the numbers and the cost of installing an engine would have meant another year of working. The only reason we did it was – we said: “Okay we’ve got this boat almost finished – if we don’t put the engine in right now we can take off and for the cost of an engine we can have a year in Mexico. So let’s just go right now and then we’ll come back and go back to work and put an engine in. And… we just never seemed to get back. We enjoyed her, she was such a maneuverable boat and she moved beautifully in light winds. She was designed for light-wind sailing.
ASA: So you just mastered it?
Pardey: First, she was maneuverable and second we were never in a hurry. We were never late because we were never on time. We just made it so that we didn’t have a schedule. The only time we had to have an engine was when we went through the Panama Canal and we just rented one.
ASA: Did this all happen in a gradual way or did you just stop coming back home? Were you guys just falling in love with the lifestyle or was this something that Larry always wanted to do? How did that all work?
Pardey: He always dreamed of having his own cruising boat so that he could go exploring. But he said this was the only way that he could imagine a person of average means traveling extensively.
ASA: There have been many wives or girlfriends of sailors who are fine coastal cruising but doing the things you two have done would be a very different story – but not you.
Pardey: My first ocean passage from San Diego to Guadalupe. I got violently sick [15 hours]. And my only thought was how I hated disappointing Larry. I felt so bad that I had worked with him so long and that this was a dream that he had and that I was going to damage it. But during that he got me comfortable in the cabin sole and patted me on the head and said “remember Admiral Nelson got seasick every time he went to sea.”
ASA: But after that you were okay.
Pardey: I never had a doubt after that. We left Guadalupe and we’re running wing and wing and it was getting warmer every day and I thought, that’s it, I’m hooked and I never wanted to do anything else.

In Part 2 we continue the interview and discover how Lin & Larry began sharing their cruising experience and knowledge with the rest of the cruising world… Go to Part 2 ⟩⟩

Hypothermia - ASA Bite Sized Lessons

Bite Sized Lessons : Hypothermia

We know that learning to sail can be overwhelming and there is a lot to take in. In an effort to help we’ve created a series of “Bite Sized Lessons” taken straight out of our textbooks – Sailing Made Easy and Coastal Cruising Made Easy.

In this lesson we take a look at some of the do’s and don’ts when it comes to hypothermia. Prolonged exposure to wind, spray, and cold when on deck, and any length of time spent in the water, can elevate your chances of becoming hypothermic. Recognizing the early symptoms and taking appropriate actions can prevent a life-threatening situation.

Continue reading

Ownerless Sailing!

Times have changed and the sport of sailing has indeed felt that change in many ways. Technological advancement has given us great tools like colorful chart plotters and EPIRBs, but it has also facilitated a mentality and attention span that runs obverse to the time and patience sailing requires. The double-edged blade of phones giveth and taketh away and they seem to be takething away the ancestral element of sailing which substantially changes the dynamic of how we sail and who with.

However, to be sure, there are other factors, perhaps even challenges, that need to be considered when we think about how to get out sailing on a regular basis in this day and age. On the top of the list are the economic realities. Thirty years ago sailing was frankly, a cheaper activity to pursue. Boats were generally smaller, slips were less expensive, systems and accoutrements were more basic and slightly less comfortable. All of this added up to something more accessible, but fear not, modern sailors have moved with the times and figured out other ways to make it happen. Here are a few ways to continue sailing without the intimidating burdens of flat-out ownership.

Continue reading